Apocynaceae

The Apocynaceae, commonly referred to as the dogbane family, belongs to the order Gentianales and encompasses a diverse array of flowering plants, comprising approximately 400 genera and around 4,555 species. This botanical family encompasses a wide spectrum of life forms, ranging from trees and shrubs to woody vines and herbaceous plants. The distribution of Apocynaceae is primarily centered in tropical and subtropical regions across the globe. Remarkably, the majority of members within this family are characterized by their inherent toxicity, owing to the presence of cardiac glycosides and various alkaloids. Consequently, many species are harnessed for their medicinal properties, while others are cultivated for their aesthetic appeal, boasting captivating flowers and foliage.